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Located in the southeast part of the Balkans, Bulgaria has a diverse topography. The north of the country is dominated by the vast lowlands of the Danube Plain with the river Danube defining the border with neighbouring Romania. The south of the country, by contrast, is dominated by highlands and elevated plains while, in the east, the Black Sea coast attracts tourists all year round.

The most important sectors of Bulgaria’s economy in 2012 were industry (25.0 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (21.1 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (12.5 %)

Bulgaria’s main export partners are Germany, Turkey and Italy while its main import partners are Russia, Germany and Italy.




Year of EU entry: 2007

Capital: Sofia

Geographical size: 110 899.7 km²

Population: 7 327 224

Currency: Bulgarian lev BGN

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

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