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Finland is one of the five Nordic countries and the northernmost country in the EU. Finland is one of the most sparsely-populated countries in the EU and is bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north and Russia to the east.

The most important sectors of Finland’s economy in 2012 were public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (21.9 %), industry (19.1 %) and wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.5 %).

Finland’s main export partners are Sweden, Russia and Germany, while its main import partners are Russia, Germany and Sweden.




Year of EU entry: 1995

Capital: Helsinki

Geographical size: 338 434.7 km2

Population: 5 401 267

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1996

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