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Germany is the EU country with the highest number of inhabitants. Its territory stretches from the North Sea and the Baltic Sea in the north to the Alps in the south and is traversed by some of the longest rivers in Europe, such as the Rhine, Danube and Elbe.
With a landmass that stretches from the North Sea and the Baltic Sea in the north to the Alps in the south, Germany has the largest population of any EU country. Germany borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France and Luxembourg to the southwest, and Belgium and the Netherlands to the northwest.
The most important sectors of Germany’s economy in 2012 were industry (25.8 %), public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (18.4 %) and wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food service activities (14.6 %).
Germany’s main export partners are France, the US and the UK while its main import partners are the Netherlands, France and China.
Year of EU entry: 1957
Geographical size: 357 137.2 km2
Population: 80 327 900
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985