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Strategically located at the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea, Greece forms the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula in south-east Europe. Its territory includes several hundred islands in the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean seas, of which only 227 are inhabited. Eighty per cent of Greece is mountainous and Mount Olympus is the highest point in the country (2 917m).
The most important sectors of Greece’s economy in 2012 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (23.2 %), public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (21.2 %) and real estate activities (16.7 %).
Greece’s main export partners are Turkey, Italy and Germany while its main import partners are Russia, Germany and Italy.
Year of EU entry: 1981
Capital city: Athens
Total area: 131 957 km²
Population: 11 123 034 (2012)
Currency: Eurozone member since 2001
Schengen area: Member since 1992